China’s Urbanization Migration by the Millions – Chapter 7 Integration of Urban and Rural Development

China’s Urbanization Migration by the Millions – Chapter 7 Integration of Urban and Rural Development


More than three decades ago, in a move widely seen as the unveiling of rural economic reform in China, 18 farmers at Xiaogang Village in Fengyang County, Anhui Province, ran an enormous political risk, signing a land contract document that laid down the framework for parceling out collective land to all villagers. Three decades later, the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee passed the Decision on Several Major Issues Concerning Comprehensively Continuing the Reform. The loud trumpet call of reform is heard once more. Just like its predecessor, this new round of reform will begin in rural areas. The only difference is that the newer version is no longer geared toward solving the problem of food and clothes for the farmers. It’s more about having farmers participate in the modernization process and giving them a fair share of the fruits of modernization. As Chen Xiwen put it, “Let the farmers judge whether they are enjoying a comparatively well-off life or not.” Chen is the deputy director of the CPC Agricultural Work Leadership Group and director of its general office. The best path to have the farmers lead a decent and comfortable life enjoyed by the urbanites is to establish a sound mechanism for integrating urban and rural development and put it into effective use. Chapter content includes: Let Farming Become a Decent Career Choice, Let the Farmers’ Property Increase in Value, Equal Pay for Equal Work, Realize People-oriented Urbanization.


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Product details

Book title: China’s Urbanization Migration by the Millions
Series name: China Urbanisation Studies Series Vol.1
Numbers of page: 248
Publisher: London: Global China Press
Publishing date: 2016
Language: English
Product Dimensions: 17 x 24 cm
ISBN: Paperback: 978-1-910334-20-1
Price: Paperback: £29.99

China Urbanization Studies Series 

LI Tie: China is currently experiencing the largest process of urbanization in human history, with an average of over 20 million people moving from the countryside into the cities every year. In recent years, the Chinese government has acknowledged the importance of the issue of urbanization, and has formulated urbanization policies based on people-oriented principles, sustainable development and reform and innovation. The China Centre for Urban Development (CCUD) has always been one of the top institutes dealing with research and consultancy on urbanization in China, participating in the drafting of nearly every urbanization policy. Currently two of the books have been translated into English, becoming part of the book series China Urbanization Studies, published jointly by Global China Press and New World Press. We hope that the launch of this series at the 2016 London Book Fair will bring to the attention of many more readers the issues of the problems caused by China’s urbanization, the trends in its development, the government’s orientation and the impact it may have on the rest of the world.

LI Qiang: Eventually Chinese urbanization will have to accomplish the urbanization of farmers and rural migrant workers. No other country in the world has experienced the same difficulties as the ones that China is now encountering in the transformation of farmers into urban residents as part of the urbanization process. This is related to China’s enormous rural as well as overall population pressure, and it is closely connected to China’s long-lasting urban-rural dual system, and to the household registration system based on this rural-urban divide. Urbanization is a huge step forward for society, as well as an important carrier of modern civilization. The core task of urbanization in China will not be fulfilled until the majority of farmers and rural migrant workers are included on the path to citizenization and modernization.


The issues of rural areas, agriculture and farmers are some of the largest and hardest issues in China. Urbanization is the only way to go toward solving these problems. Since the kickoff of the policy of reform and opening up, the CPC and the Chinese Government have made intense efforts to promote urbanization and have made salient achievement in this regard. However, many problems remain. This book is meant to help readers gain a fuller and deeper understanding of China’s urbanization initiative by doing two things: 1) describing and explaining the efforts of the Chinese Communist Party and the Chinese government devoted to urbanization and the efficacy thereof, and 2) describing the difficulties of China’s urbanization drive and the reasons thereof. The book was planned, outlined and edited by Xie Chuntao. The writing was done by a multitude of writers: Chapter One by Qi Xiaolin; Chapters Two & Three by Li Qinggang, Chapter Four & Six by Shen Chuanliang, Chapter Five by Gao Qiang and Chapter Seven by Han Xiaoqing. During the course of conceptualization, writing and editing of this book, editors from the New World Press, including Editor-in-Chief Zhang Hai’ou, and senior editors Li Shujuan and Qiao Tianbi have provided a lot of assistance.


Chapter One The Long Process of Urbanization
Prosperity and Civilization in Ancient Chinese Cities
The Rise of Modern Industrial and Commercial Cities
The Tortuous Path of the PRC’s Urbanization Drive
Acceleration of the Urbanization Process in Post-reform China
Prospects of China’s Urbanization
Chapter Two Builders of Modernized Cities
Sweat and Contribution
Bewilderment and Growth
Change and Vision
Chapter Three Changes in the Hukou System
Barriers That Need to Be Broken Through
No Return
Strengthening of Top-level Design
Chapter Four Urbanization of Farmers
Surging Tides of Migrant Workers
The Dream of Settling Down in the City
Improving the Quality of Life for Migrant Workers
Chapter Five Distribution of Proceeds from Value-added Land
Termination of the “Land for Development” Model
Land Empowerment–Seeking a Breakthrough in the Exploration Process
Comprehensive Land Management–from Regionalized to Centralized Approach
Distribution of the Proceeds of Value-added Land–Sharing the Benefits of Prosperity Through Competition
Land Reform and Urbanization
Chapter Six Leaving Home for Jobs Close to Home
The High Cost of Home Leaving
Recurrence of Leaving Home for Jobs Close to Home
Local Urbanization
Chapter Seven Integration of Urban and Rural Development
Let Farming Become a Decent Career Choice
Let the Farmers’ Property Increase in Value
Equal Pay for Equal Work
Realize People-oriented Urbanization